Jadeediyat aur Nauabadiyaat
This book investigates the relationship between modernity and colonial attitudes in the context of Urdu literature. In the first chapter, theories of modernity offered by western critics and thinkers have been debated with the assertion that, on one hand, modernity had a close relationship with colonial attutudes and, on the other, modernity is not something that evolved exclusively in the West. During colonial rule, a particular form of western modernity was employed and disseminated across British India to disguise the economic and cultural exploitation. It is also asserted that precolonial India had its own kind of modernity that produced great poets likes of Bedil and Ghalib. Two full-fledged chapters have been reserved for these modern Persian and Urdu poets. In the further chapters, specific forms of modernity, which evolved at the cost of erasing precolonial memories and preventing the emergence of a national ethos, have been discussed with reference to modern Urdu writers of 20th century. Every modern Urdu writer of the colonial or postcolonial periods has been engaged with the idea of a national consciousness.
The author, Nasir Abbas Nayyar is a professor of Urdu at the Punjab University Oriental College, Lahore. Born in Jhang on 25 April 1965, he holds a PhD in Urdu Literature from the Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, and a post-Doctoral Degree from the University of Heidelberg. He is a highly respected critic with a strong grounding in history and sociology, both necessary to his literary criticism output. His three books Ma Baad e Nau Abadiyat: Urdu Kay Tanazur Main; Urdu Adab Ki Tashkeel e Jadeed and Uss Ko Ikk Shakhs Samajhna Tou Munasib Hi Nahin: Meeraji Ki Nazm Aur Nasr Kay Chand Mutaliat were also published by Oxford University Press Pakistan in 2013; 2016 and 2017 respectively.