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Indian Nuclear Deterrence

Its Evolution, Development and Implications for SouthAsian Security
Zafar Iqbal Cheema
The significance of this study is that it establishes the fallacy of the conventional perspectives on Indian nuclear deterrence—that the Indian nuclear programme entailed ‘exclusively peaceful uses’ during the Nehru era and development of weapons capability was initiated by the government of Lal Bahadur Shastri after the first Chinese nuclear explosion in 1964. On the contrary, it provides incontrovertible documentary evidence that Dr Homi J. Bhabha formulated with Nehru’s approval a nuclear weapons development strategy within the structural framework of the Indian civilian nuclear programme. Nehru was interested in a nuclear weapons capability for a ‘deterrent in extremis’. The study’s central premise is that the BJP government’s decision to carry out the May 1998 nuclear tests was not original, but a step prefigured in a strategic continuum whose genesis dates back to the late 1950s. It suggests that the declaration of Indian nuclear deterrence after the May 1998 nuclear tests, the weaponization of Indian nuclear capability and the pronouncement of the Draft Nuclear Doctrine were not separate from earlier policies, but instead were part of that strategic continuum. The study analyses the dynamics of Indian nuclear deterrence, Indian nuclear doctrine, and their implications for South Asian security. It is the first time that mostly primary documentary research material from diverse sources has been explored to write a book on this topic. It is more comprehensive than any other book on this subject in terms both of its timeframe (1947 until now) and of the issues covered—the evolution, development, dynamics and implications of Indian nuclear deterrence for South Asian Security. It is also the first book on the topic written from a Pakistani perspective.
Author Description
Dr Zafar Iqbal Cheema has been the former Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, Meritorious Professor and Chairperson, Department of Defence & Strategic Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. He specialises in South Asian security, arms control and non-proliferation. He joined Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad in 1980 as a founder member of the Department of Strategic Studies (since 1984 Defence & Strategic Studies) and served it in various capacities. He became a Professor in 1994 and served three tenures as Chairperson of the Department of Defence & Strategic Studies in 1993–1995, 1996–1999, and 2005–2008. Dr Cheema obtained his PhD from King’s College, University of London on South Asian Nuclear Issues. He holds Master’s degrees in International Relations from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad and Political Science from Punjab University, Lahore. He has a Diploma in Advanced International Programme on Conflict Resolution from the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden. Dr Cheema has held three post-doctoral fellowships. He was Quaid-i-Azam Fellow (Fellowship on Comparative Politics of South Asia), at St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, UK from 2001 to 2004. He was visiting (Commonwealth) Fellow at the Department of War Studies, King’s College, University of London, from 1999 to 2000. He was Fulbright Fellow and Research Associate at the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington D.C. from 1995 to 1996.
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More Information
ISBN 9780195979039
Weight in kg 1.130
Rights World
Year of Publication 2010
Binding Hardback
Pages 634 pages

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